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Monthly Archives: December 2017

Using StringBuilder instead of usual concatenation. When is it appropriate?

You might know that using string concatenation in Java is not a good practice as it might affect performance. In this short article, I will try to describe when it is necessary to use StringBuilder and when we can afford using concatenation (+ sign).

Let’s start with a simple example:

package com.imsavva;

public class ConcatenationTestApp {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String str = "abc";
        str = str + "def";
        str += "12" + "34" + str;


To see how it works under the hood, let’s compile and decompile it. I tried this using Java 6 and Java 8.

Compiling the code:

javac src/com/imsavva/

Decompiling the class:

javap -c src/com/imsavva/ConcatenationTestApp

Continue reading to see what happens next.

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